On her 142nd death anniversary today, India’s nightingale, women’s liberationist and freedom fighter patron Sarojini Naidu, who engaged in the Civil Disobedience Movement and Quit India Movement, is honored.
The Indian government acknowledged the beautification of her poetry with the title ‘Nightingale of India’ by Naidu. Although her role in poetry was identifiable, she is renowned for her prestigious ideas that contributed to the struggle for independence in India.
Starting with Bharat Kokila’s accomplishments, here’s what we know about her.
- Among her eight other siblings, Naidu was the oldest.
- Naidu was part of the Bengali tribe, while Bangladesh belonged to its ancestral roots. It was in Hyderabad that she was born. Her mother was a poet, Barada Sundari Devi, and her father, Aghorenath Chattopadhyay, was the principal of Nizam College.
- After completing her studies, she married Paidipati Govindarajulu Naidu.
- In 1942, during the Quit India movement and Civil Disobedience movement, Naidu was detained by the British several times and spent 21 months in prison.
- She was elected president of the INC in 1925 and became governor of the United Provinces in 1947.
- She was a keen follower of Satyagraha and was the first female president of the National Congress of India. She was also India’s first woman governor.
- The British government awarded her the Kaisar-i-Hind, following her contribution to the plague outbreak in 1929.